Do you know any inactive elderly who lack concentration? Do they struggle with normal memory recall?

Let's gain a deeper understanding of the factors contributing to their situation.

As we age, the cognitive abilities start to decrease. Problem-solving, processing speed, short-term working memory, memory and information retrieval, and attention problems are a few among these. A longitudinal study revealed that a cognitively active lifestyle that includes reading and information processing in old age may postpone the onset of dementia in Alzheimer's disease by as much as 5 years.

Epoch understands this fact that dementia cannot be stopped, but progression from one stage to another can be slowed down by engaging the seniors in various activities. Cognitive exercises for the elderly keeps them alert, thus reducing the risk or delaying the onset of age-related dementia. Other main goals include enhancing quality of life by providing a sense of accomplishment, purpose, usefulness, or involvement; reducing agitation or wandering; enhancing a sense of self-worth and dignity; or fostering a sense of normalcy.

At Epoch Elder Care, we schedule various physical and cognitive activities for our residents as per the requirements of the stages, and each activity has its own defined purpose. All the activities are not applicable on all the elders as each one has had their own interests in the past.

There are many activities that are beneficial for the elderly to enhance their cognitive ability, which are as follows:

Drawing and Painting

Engaging in creative activities stimulates the brain and aids in imagination activation. Dopamine levels in the brain have been found to increase during creative activities, making people feel happier overall. Encouraging the seniors to paint with water and pastel colors is a great choice for those with eye and hand coordination difficulties. This type of activity is a reflection of their emotion.

Playing Board Games

An elderly individual with dementia may benefit from the mental stimulation provided by simple board games like Snake and Ladder or Checkers. They gain mental stimulation from the board games by fostering social engagement, problem-solving, and enhancing hand-eye coordination.

Reading the Book Loudly

A person may lose their ability to read due to certain types of dementia. People with dementia who are unable to read for themselves can benefit when someone narrates or reads for them. It may be stories, articles, or anything else that they like to hear. Imagination is sparked in their brains by becoming a storyteller for them.

Doing Crossword Puzzles

The thoughts of your elderly loved ones can be kept occupied in a delightful way with puzzles. Like word jumbles and crossword puzzles, which train vocabulary expansion as well as memory and problem-solving skills. Word games Playing word games may help older adults' cognitive function, according to a recent study. Scrabble is an example of a competitive game that not only offers these advantages but also promotes social interaction.


Engaging in volunteer work significantly improves the health and happiness of the elderly. The act of volunteering brings tremendous benefits to the overall wellness of senior citizens. The wellbeing of older adults experiences significant positive effects through their involvement in volunteer activities. Participating in volunteering has a profound impact on the physical and mental health of the elderly.

Meaningful Conversation

Conversation with others is one of the most crucial cognitive exercises for seniors. People frequently become more reclusive as they get older, which limits their opportunities to talk to others about the things that are important to them. You can engage their minds and uplift their spirits by asking them what they think about various scenarios and occurrences.


These are some of the activities that we as caregivers can do to keep the elderly cognitively active. Not every elderly individual likes to participate in the activities, but we try to engage them when they are comfortable. At Epoch, we try to engage elderly in various activities during the daytime based on their interests, and when it seems that they are happy with it, we further offer them meaningful activities on a day-to-day basis. It is important to note that elderly may not be actively participating, but observing others is also cognitively stimulating.

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